Also, Too and Either

Also, Too and Either

The following is a mini-tutorial on the use of the words "also," "too" and "either." After studying the tutorial, complete the associated exercises at the bottom of the page.

Also

Use the word "also" in positive sentences to add an agreeing thought.
> Jane speaks French. Sam also speaks French.
> I love chocolate. I also love pizza.
> Frank can come with us. Nancy can also come with us.

The word "also" comes after "to be:"
> I am also Canadian.
> I was also there.
> They were also tired.
> George is also Brazilian.
> We are also in agreement.

With verbs other than "to be," "also" comes before single verb forms:
> I also sing.
> He also helped us.
> She also bought a car
> They also won and award.
> John also got a speeding ticket.

In verb tenses with many parts, the word "also" comes after the first part but before the second part:
> I have also been to Hong Kong.
> I am also studying economics.
> Jennifer has also been caught speeding.
> I was also late for class.
> We have also been working on a large project.
> They have also been late with their filing.

Since modal verbs are usually followed by a second verb, the word "also" comes after the modal verbs. Modal verbs are a type of auxiliary verb that is used to indicate modality: likelihood, ability, permission, and obligation. Examples include can, must and should.
> I can also speak French.
> You must also complete the form.
> I should also be there.
> The standard must also be followed.
> Juan Carlos must also attend the class.
> The United States must also ratify the treaty.

Too

Use the word "too" in positive sentences to add an agreeing thought. It has the same meaning as the word "also," but it's has a different placement within the sentence.
> Jane speaks French. Sam speaks French too.
> I love chocolate. I love pizza too.
> Frank can come with us. Nancy can come with us too.

The word "Too" usually comes at the end of a clause.
> I am Canadian too.
> I can speak French too.
> I am studying economics too.
> If he wants to go too, he should meet us at 8:00.
> Brazil has a large mining industrial complex too.
> Argentine has long coastal beaches too.

IMPORTANT

Although "too" is usually placed at the end of a clause, consider using sometimes it with a comma after the subject. This is usually only done in formal speech.
> Apple wanted the contract. Samsung, too, thought it was necessary.
> Juan Carlos is working on a new lesson plan. I, too, am trying to improve the way lesson plans are created.

Either

The word "either" is used in negative sentences to add an agreeing thought.
> Danniella does not speak French. Luiz does not speak French either.
> I do not love chocolate. I do not love pizza either.
> Lilly cannot come with us. Luiza cannot come with us either.
> My Windows XP machine cannot run the new version of Office. My old Mac machine cannot run it either.

The placement of "either" usually comes at the end of a clause.
> I cannot speak French either.
> I am not studying economics either.
> I don't want to eat either.
> I didn't like the movie either.

Agreement

Sometimes the first sentence is negative and the agreeing idea is positive.
> The weather wasn't very appealing. I also wanted to stay home and finish my book. That's why I didn't go to the beach.
> The car wasn't expensive, and I needed a way to get around town too. That's why I bought it.

Sometimes the first sentence is positive and the agreeing idea is negative.
> Jane is too short. She is not a good athlete either. I don't think she would make a good basketball player.
> He is lazy. He doesn't study either. That's why he doesn't do well in school.