Infinitives

There are three types of verbals in the English language: gerunds, infinitives and participles. We will only be focusing on gerunds and infinitives in this exercise. A Verbal os the blending of two parts of speech.

Infinitives

Infinitives inherit several important characteristics from verbs. They are easy to identify as an infinitive is: [ to + the verb ]. An infinitive phrase is the infinitive and all the words used in the to create its meaning.

Most infinitives act as subjects, objects or subject complements and they also look like verbs. Some infinitives describe nouns while others describe verbs.

Infinitive Exercises

> The meeting did not go well. We agreed to disagree.
> When did the prosecution agree to withdrawal from the case?
> The London team managed to find the missing gene.
> We learned to see the proposal before buying the product.
> Apple claims to have a better tablet than their competition.

The word 'to' is placed in front of the verb such as to walk, to shot, to be, to run, etc.. Another characteristic of infinitives is that words or phrases that describe verbs may also describe infinitives.

Furthermore, the clause type that describes verbs may also describe infinitives. Lastly, infinitives may have objects or subject complements: examples include to dance a jig, to dream an impossible dream, to be silly, etc..

Negative Infinitives

As with gerunds, the not goes right in front of the infinitive, which is in front of the word 'to'.

> The meeting did not go well. We agreed not to attend further meetings.
> When did the prosecution agree not to introduce the witness?
> The Boston team decided not to attend the Toronto conference.
> We learned not to take an overload of classes.
> Apple claims not to have an antenna problem.

Past infinitive

> To be graduated with my class is my goal
> To have been silenced was an unfortunate outcome.
> To have seen his daughter grow to womanhood was enjoyable.
> To have been fired from his job was unfortunate.
> To have been charged with a crime was devastating to the man.